Bengal Word of the Week
1a.Needless repetition of the same sense in different words; redundancy. b. An instance of such repetition.
2. Logic An empty or vacuous statement composed of simpler statements in a fashion that makes it logically true whether the simpler statements are factually true or false; for example, Either it will rain tomorrow or it will not rain tomorrow.
Inordinate fascination with oneself; excessive self-love; vanity: “In his narcissism, he just assumed that everyone else wanted to hear the tiny details of his day.”
Diffident (di-fə-dənt, -dent)
Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid: “He was too diffident to do justice to himself; but when his natural shyness was overcome, his behavior gave every indication of an open affectionate heart” (Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility).
Laissez-faire (le-sā-ˈfer, lā-, -zā-)
1. An economic doctrine that opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce beyond the minimum necessary for a free-enterprise system to operate according to its own economic laws.
2. Noninterference in the affairs of others.
A past tense and past participle of work: “In full perfection all thy words are wrought/And thine the scepter o’er the realms of thought” (Phyllis Wheatley, “On Imagination”).
1. Put together; created: The jewel thieves concocted a carefully wrought plan.
2. Shaped by hammering with tools. Used chiefly of metals or metalwork: The horseshoe was made of wrought iron.
To describe or regard something as worthless.
1. The use of unnecessarily wordy and indirect language.
2. Evasiveness in speech or writing.
3. A roundabout expression: “At such a time as” is a circumlocution for the word “when.”
Chicanery (shi-key-nuh-ree, chi-)
Deception by trickery or sophistry.
1a. An attendant, servant, or lesser official in a royal or noble household. b. A yeoman of the guard.
2. A petty officer performing chiefly clerical duties in the US Navy.
3. An assistant or other subordinate, as of a sheriff.
4. A diligent, dependable worker.
5. A farmer who cultivates his, her own land, especially a member of a former class of small freeholders in England.
Hegemony (hi-ˈje-mə-nē, -ˈge-; ˈhe-jə-ˌmō-nē)
The predominant influence of a state, region, or group, over others: The hegemony of communism in Eastern Europe crumbled in the late 1980s.
Noun and adjective--hegemonist
1. To inflame with love —usually used in the passive with of.
2. To cause to feel a strong or excessive interest or fascination —usually used in the passive with of or with. <baseball fans enamored of statistics>.
1. Of, relating to, or produced by motion: Any object that is moving has kinetic energy.
2. Relating to or exhibiting kinesis (movement or activity of an organism in response to a stimulus such as light).
1. To bring under control; conquer.
2. To make subservient or submissive; subdue: The new owners subjugated the defiant workers by threatening layoffs.
To divide (a geographic area) into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party in elections.
1. The act, process, or an instance of gerrymandering.
2. A district or configuration of districts differing widely in size or population because of gerrymandering.
Past participle and past tense: gerrymandered
Present participle: gerrymandering
Third person singular present tense: gerrymanders
Oligarchy (ä-lə-gär-kē, ō-)
1. Government by the few.
2. A government in which a small group exercises control, especially for corrupt and selfish purposes; a group exercising such control.
3. An organization under oligarchic control.
1. To kneel and touch the forehead to the ground in expression of deep respect, worship, submission.
2. To show servile deference: Because everyone on staff was afraid of being laid off, they all kowtowed to their strict boss.
Past participle and past tense—kowtowed
Third person singular present tense—kowtows
1. The act of kneeling and touching the forehead to the ground.
2. An obsequious act.
1. Of, relating to, or resembling a tempest: “The 31st of January was a wild, tempestuous day: there was a strong north wind, with a continual storm of snow drifting on the ground and whirling through the air” (Anne Bronte, Agnes Grey).
2. Characterized by violent emotions; tumultuous; stormy.
An ill-tempered, stubborn person, usually an old man
Quasar (kwā-zär also -sär)
An extremely distant, and thus old, celestial object whose power output is several thousand times that of the entire Milky Way galaxy. Some quasars are more than ten billion light years away from earth.
A person unduly fearful or contemptuous of that which is foreign, especially of strangers or foreign peoples.
1. Of or relating to money.
2. Requiring payment of money: A speeding ticket is generally a pecuniary offense.
1. A dictionary.
2. A stock of terms used in a particular profession, subject, or style; a vocabulary: The lexicon of anatomy includes terms such as “aorta” and “duodenum.”
AdjectiveImpossible to dispute; unquestionable: The lawyer presented incontrovertible proof of her client’s innocence.
Belie (bi-lī, bē-)
1.To give a false representation to; misrepresent
2.To show to be false; contradict
Their laughter belied their outward anger.
An advocate of the extension of political voting rights, especially to women.
Tireless suffragists worked to ensure the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920.
The locus (set) of points in a plane equidistant from a fixed line and a fixed point not on a line.
Lacking grace or social polish; awkward or tactless.
Example: Would it be gauche of me to ask her how old she is?
Delineate (di-li-nē-āt, dē-)
1. to indicate or represent by drawn or painted lines; to mark the outline of <lights delineating the narrow streets>
2. to describe, portray, or set forth with accuracy or in detail <delineate a character in the story> <delineate the steps to be taken by the government>
The report clearly delineates the steps that must be taken.
The characters in the story were carefully delineated.
Noun - delineator
Forceful or intense in expression, emotion, or conviction; fervid: The senator issued a vehement denial regarding the report linking him to a scandal.
Quotidian (kwō ˈti dē ən)
Commonplace or ordinary, as from everyday experience.
1. A marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function; a transformation.
2. Biology - Change in the form and often habits of an animal during normal development after the embryonic stage. Metamorphosis includes, in insects, the transformation of a maggot into an adult fly and a caterpillar into a butterfly, and, in amphibians, the changing of a tadpole into a frog.